The Noccione variety originates from Italy, has a medium lush canopy, and is often used as the main pollinator. This variety blooms earlier and ripens on time - between September 1 and 5. The fruit is of medium size (2.8-3.3 g), round in shape. There are usually between 4 and 6 fruits in the bunch. Ripe fruits easily fall out of the bunch, the shell is thin and considering that this variety of hazelnut is very easy to process. The yield is medium-high (39-42%). The core is medium-sized, with a sweet taste, pronounced aroma, and suitable for baking. It best pollinates the following varieties: Roman, Tonda Gentile Romana, Tonda Gentile de la Langa, Halski Gin.
Hazelnut is a long-term plant that has a lifespan between 80 and 100 years, so this can be a family business that is passed down the generations. The fruit is popular, sales are guaranteed and it's used in both the food and cosmetics industry. The fruit can be stored all year round and it has a shelf life of 2 years. It thrives well in the area, the soil does not have to be 1 or 2 class for hazelnuts to succeed. Depending on the year, it could yield from 1 to 4 t/ha. It is sprayed between 6 and 8 times a year.
Is a bushy or grafted hazelnut better?
-during strong winds, the wood can crack at the place of the coil
-sudden drying, reason unknown
-need better quality land
- progresses more slowly and later enters full fruition
-planting material is up to 3 times more expensive
- His advantage is that there are no shoots
-Strong tree overall
-succeeds on worse soil (4th-5th class)
- It's progressing fast
-in 10 years it comes to full fruition
-planting material is much cheaper
- bushes are considered as professional plantations
- It has its shoots, which emerge from the ground and should be cut 2 to 3 times a year.
We definitely recommend the shrubby hazelnut if you decide to plant it.
What should be the distance when planting hazelnuts?
The distance depends on the quality of the soil. Many people make mistakes in thinking that growing plants denser will achieve higher yields. This is essentially partly true, while the hazelnut is still small and there are possibilities to develop, it will produce slightly higher yield (negligible), and then once it comes to full fruition due to too high-density hazelnuts will start casting a shadow on one another. From that difference, your hazelnuts will start to "run" in height, you will have more work around pruning. Yields can be reduced by up to 50%.
Our suggestion :
For 1st and 2nd class of land: 4.5x5.5 - 5x5 - 5x6
For 3rd and 4th class of land: 4x5 - 4x5.25
The first number - a space in a row
Second number - line spacing
Which variety and pollinators to plant?
Our recommendation for the basic variety, are most certainly round varieties of Italian origin.
Those on the market are the most valued. Roman, then Tonda Gentile Romana, Dellanga.
Basic varieties should about 90%, and pollinators go depending on the shape of the plot from 8% to 15%. 2 varieties are enough for pollination.
Where to plant pollinators?
Plant 1 ha. You have 9 rows with 50 holes per row, you got 20 pollinators of one variety and 20 pollinators of another variety.
You will plant 30 seedlings in the end rows (1 and 9), and the other 10 in the middle row (5).
Avoid oblong varieties and Enis.